The Feminization of Employment and Precarious Work in Globalized Latin American Agriculture

The precarious character of temporary employment of female agricultural workers was analyzed in case studies in seven Latin American countries carried out by FAO-ECLAC-ILO during 2011 and 2012, for which I was responsible for the conclusions. The findings of these studies were compared with research...

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Detalles Bibliográficos
Autor principal: Valdés Subercaseaux, Ximena
Formato: publishedVersion Artículo
Lenguaje:Español
Español
Publicado: Cuadernos de antropología social 2016
Materias:
Acceso en línea:http://revistascientificas.filo.uba.ar/index.php/CAS/article/view/1595
http://repositorio.filo.uba.ar/handle/filodigital/2569
Aporte de:FILO Digital - Repositorio de la Facultad de Filosofía y Letras (UBA) de Universidad de Buenos Aires Ver origen
Descripción
Sumario:The precarious character of temporary employment of female agricultural workers was analyzed in case studies in seven Latin American countries carried out by FAO-ECLAC-ILO during 2011 and 2012, for which I was responsible for the conclusions. The findings of these studies were compared with research under our responsibility carried out in the context of two FONDECYT projects. This fact allowed us to not only explain the process of feminization of the labor markets, but also to understand the nature of wage earning, migratory strategies to extend the time of wage earning, the place of women in export agriculture as well as identity changes caused by modernization and globalization processes that have occurred in Latin America under neoliberalism. The article approaches work conditions and labor migrations, and it concludes with the analysis of the opposite side of labor precarity: anti-poverty social policies. These policies express a contradiction between governments that abandon the principle of welfare enabling labor laws that, through employment flexibilization, reproduce poverty, while in turn those same States attempt to mitigate poverty through transferring financial resources to precarious workers strongly marked by their gender, ethnicity and nationality.