Lucky Women in Unlucky Cohorts : Gender Differences in the Effects of Initial Labor Market Conditions in Latin America

This paper assesses gender differences in the effects of adverse conditions at labormarket entry in a developing region. Using harmonized microdata from national household surveys for 15 Latin American countries, we build a synthetic panel of cohorts that potentially transition from school to work a...

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Autores principales: Berniell, Inés, Gasparini, Leonardo Carlos, Marchionni, Mariana, Viollaz, Mariana
Formato: Articulo Documento de trabajo
Lenguaje:Inglés
Publicado: 2022
Materias:
Acceso en línea:http://sedici.unlp.edu.ar/handle/10915/131024
https://www.cedlas.econo.unlp.edu.ar/wp/no-294/
Aporte de:SEDICI (UNLP) de Universidad Nacional de La Plata Ver origen
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spelling I19-R120-10915-1310242022-02-14T20:05:48Z http://sedici.unlp.edu.ar/handle/10915/131024 https://www.cedlas.econo.unlp.edu.ar/wp/no-294/ issn:1853-0168 Lucky Women in Unlucky Cohorts : Gender Differences in the Effects of Initial Labor Market Conditions in Latin America Berniell, Inés Gasparini, Leonardo Carlos Marchionni, Mariana Viollaz, Mariana 2022-02 2022-02-14T14:36:37Z en Ciencias Económicas Crises Unemployment Scarring effects Gender Secondary worker Latin America This paper assesses gender differences in the effects of adverse conditions at labormarket entry in a developing region. Using harmonized microdata from national household surveys for 15 Latin American countries, we build a synthetic panel of cohorts that potentially transition from school to work and observe their labor market outcomes 10 years later. We find that men who faced higher unemployment rates at ages 18-20 suffer a negative effect on employment at ages 27-30. In contrast, women from those same unlucky cohorts have higher employment rates and earnings. Our results are consistent with women acting as secondary workers in downturns. We also find that women from unlucky cohorts control a larger share of family income and are more likely to be the head of household 10 years after labor market entry, and that adverse initial labor market conditions are correlated to more egalitarian perceptions about gender roles later in life. Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales Articulo Documento de trabajo http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) application/pdf
institution Universidad Nacional de La Plata
institution_str I-19
repository_str R-120
collection SEDICI (UNLP)
language Inglés
topic Ciencias Económicas
Crises
Unemployment
Scarring effects
Gender
Secondary worker
Latin America
spellingShingle Ciencias Económicas
Crises
Unemployment
Scarring effects
Gender
Secondary worker
Latin America
Berniell, Inés
Gasparini, Leonardo Carlos
Marchionni, Mariana
Viollaz, Mariana
Lucky Women in Unlucky Cohorts : Gender Differences in the Effects of Initial Labor Market Conditions in Latin America
topic_facet Ciencias Económicas
Crises
Unemployment
Scarring effects
Gender
Secondary worker
Latin America
description This paper assesses gender differences in the effects of adverse conditions at labormarket entry in a developing region. Using harmonized microdata from national household surveys for 15 Latin American countries, we build a synthetic panel of cohorts that potentially transition from school to work and observe their labor market outcomes 10 years later. We find that men who faced higher unemployment rates at ages 18-20 suffer a negative effect on employment at ages 27-30. In contrast, women from those same unlucky cohorts have higher employment rates and earnings. Our results are consistent with women acting as secondary workers in downturns. We also find that women from unlucky cohorts control a larger share of family income and are more likely to be the head of household 10 years after labor market entry, and that adverse initial labor market conditions are correlated to more egalitarian perceptions about gender roles later in life.
format Articulo
Documento de trabajo
author Berniell, Inés
Gasparini, Leonardo Carlos
Marchionni, Mariana
Viollaz, Mariana
author_facet Berniell, Inés
Gasparini, Leonardo Carlos
Marchionni, Mariana
Viollaz, Mariana
author_sort Berniell, Inés
title Lucky Women in Unlucky Cohorts : Gender Differences in the Effects of Initial Labor Market Conditions in Latin America
title_short Lucky Women in Unlucky Cohorts : Gender Differences in the Effects of Initial Labor Market Conditions in Latin America
title_full Lucky Women in Unlucky Cohorts : Gender Differences in the Effects of Initial Labor Market Conditions in Latin America
title_fullStr Lucky Women in Unlucky Cohorts : Gender Differences in the Effects of Initial Labor Market Conditions in Latin America
title_full_unstemmed Lucky Women in Unlucky Cohorts : Gender Differences in the Effects of Initial Labor Market Conditions in Latin America
title_sort lucky women in unlucky cohorts : gender differences in the effects of initial labor market conditions in latin america
publishDate 2022
url http://sedici.unlp.edu.ar/handle/10915/131024
https://www.cedlas.econo.unlp.edu.ar/wp/no-294/
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