A mid-term astrometric and photometric study of trans-Neptunian object (90482) Orcus

From time series CCD observations of a fixed and large star field that contained the binary trans-Neptunian object (90482) Orcus (formerly 2004 DW), taken during a period of 33 days, we have been able to derive high-precision relative astrometry and photometry of the Orcus system with respect to bac...

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Autores principales: Ortiz, J. L., Cikota, A., Cikota, S., Hestroffer, D., Thirouin, A., Morales, N., Duffard, R., Gil-Hutton, Ricardo, Santos Sanz, P., Cueva, I. de la
Formato: Articulo
Lenguaje:Inglés
Publicado: 2010
Materias:
Acceso en línea:http://sedici.unlp.edu.ar/handle/10915/101535
https://ri.conicet.gov.ar/11336/29461
https://www.aanda.org/articles/aa/abs/2011/01/aa15309-10/aa15309-10.html
Aporte de:SEDICI (UNLP) de Universidad Nacional de La Plata Ver origen
id I19-R120-10915-101535
record_format dspace
spelling I19-R120-10915-1015352020-08-07T04:05:33Z http://sedici.unlp.edu.ar/handle/10915/101535 https://ri.conicet.gov.ar/11336/29461 https://www.aanda.org/articles/aa/abs/2011/01/aa15309-10/aa15309-10.html issn:0004-6361 A mid-term astrometric and photometric study of trans-Neptunian object (90482) Orcus Ortiz, J. L. Cikota, A. Cikota, S. Hestroffer, D. Thirouin, A. Morales, N. Duffard, R. Gil-Hutton, Ricardo Santos Sanz, P. Cueva, I. de la 2010-11 2020-08-06T16:11:05Z en Astronomía Kuiper belt objects: individual: (90482) Orcus Kuiper belt: general minor planets, asteroids: general astrometry From time series CCD observations of a fixed and large star field that contained the binary trans-Neptunian object (90482) Orcus (formerly 2004 DW), taken during a period of 33 days, we have been able to derive high-precision relative astrometry and photometry of the Orcus system with respect to background stars. The right ascension residuals of an orbital fit to the astrometric data revealed a periodicity of 9.7 ± 0.3 days, which is what one would expect to be induced by the known Orcus companion (Vanth). The residuals are also correlated with the theoretical positions of the satellite with regard to the primary. We therefore have revealed the presence of Orcus’ satellite in our astrometric measurements, although the residuals in declination did not show the expected variations. The oscillation in the residuals is caused by the photocenter motion of the combined Orcus plus satellite system around the barycenter along an orbital revolution of the satellite. The photocenter motion is much larger than the motion of Orcus around the barycenter, and we show here that detecting some binaries through a carefully devised astrometric technique might be feasible with telescopes of moderate size. We discuss the prospects for using the technique to find new binary trans-Neptunian objects (TNOs) and to study already known binary systems with uncertain orbital periods. We also analyzed the system’s mid-term photometry in order to determine whether the rotation could be tidally locked to the satellite’s orbital period. We found that a photometric variability of 9.7 ± 0.3 days is clear in our data, and is nearly coincident with the orbital period of the satellite. We believe this variability might be induced by the satellite’s rotation. In our photometry there is also a slight hint for an additional very small variability in the 10 h range that was already reported in the literature. This short-term variability would indicate that the primary is not tidally locked and therefore the system would not have reached a double synchronous state. Implications for the basic physical properties of the primary and its satellite are discussed. From angular momentum considerations we suspect that the Orcus satellite might have formed from a rotational fission. This requires that the mass of the satellite would be around 0.09 times that of the primary, close to the value that one derives by using an albedo of 0.12 for the satellite and assuming equal densities for both the primary and secondary. Facultad de Ciencias Astronómicas y Geofísicas Articulo Articulo http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/ Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) application/pdf
institution Universidad Nacional de La Plata
institution_str I-19
repository_str R-120
collection SEDICI (UNLP)
language Inglés
topic Astronomía
Kuiper belt objects: individual: (90482) Orcus
Kuiper belt: general
minor planets, asteroids: general
astrometry
spellingShingle Astronomía
Kuiper belt objects: individual: (90482) Orcus
Kuiper belt: general
minor planets, asteroids: general
astrometry
Ortiz, J. L.
Cikota, A.
Cikota, S.
Hestroffer, D.
Thirouin, A.
Morales, N.
Duffard, R.
Gil-Hutton, Ricardo
Santos Sanz, P.
Cueva, I. de la
A mid-term astrometric and photometric study of trans-Neptunian object (90482) Orcus
topic_facet Astronomía
Kuiper belt objects: individual: (90482) Orcus
Kuiper belt: general
minor planets, asteroids: general
astrometry
description From time series CCD observations of a fixed and large star field that contained the binary trans-Neptunian object (90482) Orcus (formerly 2004 DW), taken during a period of 33 days, we have been able to derive high-precision relative astrometry and photometry of the Orcus system with respect to background stars. The right ascension residuals of an orbital fit to the astrometric data revealed a periodicity of 9.7 ± 0.3 days, which is what one would expect to be induced by the known Orcus companion (Vanth). The residuals are also correlated with the theoretical positions of the satellite with regard to the primary. We therefore have revealed the presence of Orcus’ satellite in our astrometric measurements, although the residuals in declination did not show the expected variations. The oscillation in the residuals is caused by the photocenter motion of the combined Orcus plus satellite system around the barycenter along an orbital revolution of the satellite. The photocenter motion is much larger than the motion of Orcus around the barycenter, and we show here that detecting some binaries through a carefully devised astrometric technique might be feasible with telescopes of moderate size. We discuss the prospects for using the technique to find new binary trans-Neptunian objects (TNOs) and to study already known binary systems with uncertain orbital periods. We also analyzed the system’s mid-term photometry in order to determine whether the rotation could be tidally locked to the satellite’s orbital period. We found that a photometric variability of 9.7 ± 0.3 days is clear in our data, and is nearly coincident with the orbital period of the satellite. We believe this variability might be induced by the satellite’s rotation. In our photometry there is also a slight hint for an additional very small variability in the 10 h range that was already reported in the literature. This short-term variability would indicate that the primary is not tidally locked and therefore the system would not have reached a double synchronous state. Implications for the basic physical properties of the primary and its satellite are discussed. From angular momentum considerations we suspect that the Orcus satellite might have formed from a rotational fission. This requires that the mass of the satellite would be around 0.09 times that of the primary, close to the value that one derives by using an albedo of 0.12 for the satellite and assuming equal densities for both the primary and secondary.
format Articulo
Articulo
author Ortiz, J. L.
Cikota, A.
Cikota, S.
Hestroffer, D.
Thirouin, A.
Morales, N.
Duffard, R.
Gil-Hutton, Ricardo
Santos Sanz, P.
Cueva, I. de la
author_facet Ortiz, J. L.
Cikota, A.
Cikota, S.
Hestroffer, D.
Thirouin, A.
Morales, N.
Duffard, R.
Gil-Hutton, Ricardo
Santos Sanz, P.
Cueva, I. de la
author_sort Ortiz, J. L.
title A mid-term astrometric and photometric study of trans-Neptunian object (90482) Orcus
title_short A mid-term astrometric and photometric study of trans-Neptunian object (90482) Orcus
title_full A mid-term astrometric and photometric study of trans-Neptunian object (90482) Orcus
title_fullStr A mid-term astrometric and photometric study of trans-Neptunian object (90482) Orcus
title_full_unstemmed A mid-term astrometric and photometric study of trans-Neptunian object (90482) Orcus
title_sort mid-term astrometric and photometric study of trans-neptunian object (90482) orcus
publishDate 2010
url http://sedici.unlp.edu.ar/handle/10915/101535
https://ri.conicet.gov.ar/11336/29461
https://www.aanda.org/articles/aa/abs/2011/01/aa15309-10/aa15309-10.html
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