Evaluation of degradation of organophosphate insecticide residues in stored corn (Zea mays L.) grains

The aims of this work were to monitor the  dissipation dynamics of the organophosphate insecticides applied to corn grains stored in  supervised experiments, establish the dissipation dynamics and determine the minimum period post application necessary to comply with the  established commercial stan...

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Detalles Bibliográficos
Autores principales: Strada, J., Bruno, C., Nassetta, M. M., Balzarini, M. G., Conles, M. Y., D., Rojas, Ricca, A. P., Cristos, D., Martínez, María José
Formato: Artículo revista
Lenguaje:Inglés
Publicado: Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias. Área de Difusión Científica 2021
Materias:
Acceso en línea:https://revistas.unc.edu.ar/index.php/agris/article/view/30806
Aporte de:R de Universidad Nacional de Córdoba Ver origen
Descripción
Sumario:The aims of this work were to monitor the  dissipation dynamics of the organophosphate insecticides applied to corn grains stored in  supervised experiments, establish the dissipation dynamics and determine the minimum period post application necessary to comply with the  established commercial standards. The  insecticides dichlorvos (DDVP), hlorpyrifosmethyl+deltamethrin (CPM) and pirimiphos-methyl (PMM) were applied to maize grains, which were then stored for 120 days. The samples were processed and extracted using the QuEChERS technique and  the pesticide residues were identified and  quantified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Deltamethrin residues were not  analized. After 90 days of storage, more than 80 % of the initial residue had been degraded, and after 120 days the residues were below the detection limit (LoD). DDVP, CPM and PMM residues  followed a first order degradation dynamics [Ct = C0×e(-kt)], with k values of 0.384, 0.025 and 0.020 and estimated half-lives of 1.8, 27.7 and 34.7 days, respectively. These results show that at recommended dosages, the insecticides CPM and PMM are safe for use on stored maize grains;  DDVP results provide additional evidence further reasserting its prohibition, which dates back to 2018.